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Saints' Discussion Forums  |  Forums  |  Book Study  |  Topic: Extracts from the Catechism of the Summa Theologica by R.P. Thomas Pegues, O.P. 0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic. « previous next »
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Author Topic: Extracts from the Catechism of the Summa Theologica by R.P. Thomas Pegues, O.P.  (Read 244 times)
Shin
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« on: March 16, 2017, 04:42:27 PM »

BRIEF OF HIS HOLINESS POPE BENEDICT XV.

To our well-beloved son Thomas Pegues of the Order of Friars Preachers.

BELOVED SON,

Greeting and Apostolic Benediction. The manifold honours paid by the Holy See to St. Thomas Aquinas exclude for ever any doubt from the mind of Catholics with regard to his being raised up by God as the Master of Doctrine to be followed by the Church through all ages. It was therefore fitting that the singular wisdom of the Holy Doctor should be made accessible not only to the clergy but to the faithful in general, and to whomsoever desired to make a deeper study of the things of religion; for in very truth, the nearer one approaches to the light, so much the more is one enlightened.

Much praise is therefore due to you first of all because you have undertaken to write a commentary in your mother tongue* upon the greatest work of the Angelic Doctor, viz., the Summa Theologica (the volumes already published of this work show what success has attended your labours); and, secondly, because you have recently published the Summa Theologicain the form of a catechism.

Therein you have aptly accommodated the riches of the great genius to the understanding of the less instructed as well as of the learned ; briefly and succinctly you have expounded the doctrine, and in the same luminous order as that of the Angelic Doctor whose treatise is more lengthy and more detailed.

We congratulate you sincerely on this fruit of your labours which shows your masterly knowledge of St. Thomas doctrine. We hope, therefore, through your love of Holy Church that this work will bring many souls to a sound knowledge of Christian doctrine.

As a mark of the divine largess and in testimony of our own special good will we impart in all affection to you and to your pupils the Apostolic Benediction.

Given at Rome at St. Peter s the fifth day of February,
1919, in the fifth year of our Pontificate,

POPE BENEDICT XV.
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'Flores apparuerunt in terra nostra. . . Fulcite me floribus. (The flowers appear on the earth. . . stay me up with flowers. Sg 2:12,5)
Shin
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« Reply #1 on: March 16, 2017, 04:47:36 PM »

THE FIRST PART
OF GOD

(THE SOVEREIGN BEING; THE SOURCE AND
MASTER OF ALL THINGS)

The Divine Nature and Attributes.
The Blessed Trinity.
The Creation: Angels, the World, Man.
The Divine Government.

I. - OF GOD'S EXISTENCE


Does God exist ?
Yes, God exists (II.).

Why do you say that God exists? (II. 3).

Because if God did not exist, nothing would exist.

How do you prove that if God did not exist nothing would exist?
It is proved by this argument: That which exists through God only, would not exist if God did not exist. But whatever exists that is not God, exists through God only. Therefore, if God did not exist nothing would exist.

But how do you prove that whatever exists that is not God, exists through God only ?
By this argument : Final analysis shows that that which does not exist of itself, can only exist through some other which exists of itself; and this latter we call God. But whatever exists that is not God, does not exist of itself. Therefore final analysis shows that whatever exists that is not God, exists through God only.

But how do you prove that whatever exists that is not God, does not exist of itself?
By this argument : That does not exist of itself, which has need of some other. But whatever exists that is not God, has need of some other. Therefore whatever exists that is not God, does not exist of itself.

But why is it that whatsoever has need of another, does not exist of itself?
Because that which exists of itself, neither depends nor could it depend upon anything or anybody ; on the other hand, whatever has need of something or somebody, depends upon this something or this somebody.

But why do you assert that what exists of itself neither depends nor could depend on something or on somebody?
Because, existing of itself, it has everything in itself and through itself, and can receive nothing either from anything or from anybody.

Therefore every existing thing that has need of some other, manifestly proves by its very existence that God exists?

Yes. Every existing thing that has need of some other manifestly proves by its very existence that God exists.

What then do those say who deny the existence of God?

They say that what has need of all has need of nothing, and conversely.

But surely that is a contradiction?

Precisely; one cannot deny God without falling into contradiction.

Is it then foolish to deny the existence of God?

Yes, it is indeed foolish to deny the existence of God.
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'Flores apparuerunt in terra nostra. . . Fulcite me floribus. (The flowers appear on the earth. . . stay me up with flowers. Sg 2:12,5)
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